A data recorder for rapid archiving and quick playback
If you need to record every value in a high-speed process, a relational database like SQL Server, MySQL or Oracle might not be up to the task. The Historian feature lets your DataHub act like a flight recorder for process data, providing high speed storage and retrieval of data, capable of processing millions of transactions per second.
The DataHub Historian feature is a high speed, low cost historical data storage mechanism that stores very little data per value change, so it has a very small on-disk footprint. The Historian comes with a disk space management feature that allows you to specify how much data to store for each point or how long to store the data and when to change the storage file names, all of which help to optimize storage on disk.
The Historian can also be set up to automatically store data point histories when they are requested by a client program. For example, if you had a client that wanted to trend specific data, then the client program can tell the Historian to start storing data for those data points so they are available should the client program want to go back in time to display historical data. No pre-configuration of the Historian feature is required.
What is the size of the data stored on disk?
The calculation is 18 bytes on disk per stored value. Only boolean, integer and floating point types are supported. The DataHub Historian will not store strings.
The number of stored values in a given period will depend on the rate of change of the data. The DataHub Historian does not sample the data - it stores every change. If your data point changes only 4 times in a day, then a day of data will consume 72 bytes on disk. If your data point changes every 100ms then a day of data will consume 15.5 MB.
In the case of OPC DA data, the rate of change of data can be limited by modifying the minimum update rate of the OPC connection. This will allow you to compute a worst-case scenario. Timestamps on disk are recorded to the nearest nanosecond resolution.
Does the historian compress data?
The DataHub Historian does not compress data on disk. It stores only changed values, so there will be no consecutive duplicate values in the file.
If you configure deadbanding in the historian, you can reduce the number of values saved to disk. This is the best approach to limiting the number of values on disk without missing significant data changes.
In general, the DataHub historian uses data change events to ensure that all important data is captured, and uses deadbands to filter out insignificant events. That will produce either a perfect copy of the data stream (if no deadband is set) or a high-fidelity copy of the data stream removing only the "jitter" in the input. Some other historians sample the data periodically, causing the file on disk to be much larger, and also causing the historian to miss important events that occur between samples.
How can I access the data in the Historian?
There are a few ways:
Can I access the historical data from a web page?
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